Chapter 2 – read for evidence of denial & anaphora1. Locate, cite a passage and explain how it relates to the Jews having hope for tomorrow, or a will to survive.2. How does the author effectively use imagery at the beginning of the chapter?3. How do the Jews realize they have been deceived about staying in Hungary?4. Explain the significance of the quotation, “Our eyes were opened, but too late.”5. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the figurative language threat on page 18.6. Locate and cite the vivid adjectives and verbs about Madame Schachter’s remarks on page 19.7. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the figurative language on page 19.8. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of foreshadowing on page 19.9. With whom can you compare Madame Schachter?10. Locate, cite and explain the quotation about placing water on the flame in regards to Madame Schachter.11. The Jews try to explain away Madame Schachter’s hysteria on the train like they had explained away the war, the Germans and loss of freedoms in Sighet. Create an analogy to explain this pattern.12. Nails on the door of the cattle car: ??? to Madame Schachter?13. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the mob mentality on page 20.14. Create an analogy in which the Jews received devastating news in chapter one and compare it to Madame Schachter’s screams.15. How do Madame Schachter’s screams contribute to the setting. (hint: read the first paragraph and notice the season)16. When does Madame Schachter calm down and when does she scream? What is the significance of the timing of her screaming? 17. Cite an example on page 20 that relates to or explains this idiom, “Believe none of what you hear, half of what you see.” Create an analogy to compare it to the text.18. Did the people at Auschwitz lie about “There was a labor camp…invalids would be kept occupied in the fields.” ? Describe the prevailing attitude, even when the Jews are given this news. 19. At what time did the train arrive at Auschwitz? What is significant about this hour?
Chapter 3 – Read for imagery in this chapter1. “Men to the left! Women to the right!” (29). How do these eight words affect Wiesel, his family, and all other families? What does this mean for them? (22)2. Why does the prisoner tell Wiesel to say that he is 18, rather than 15? Why does he tell Wiesel’s father to say that he is 40, rather than 50? (22)3. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the show of force or random violence (22).4. Note the date on page 23.5. Cite evidence of the Jews’ belief that God would deliver them.6. Cite a quotation that is tantamount, or the same as, to the famous words of Todd Beamer on 9-11, “Let’s roll!” on page 23.7. Read the following passage from Shakespeare’s Macbeth and locate a quotation from page 24 that equals it:Still it cried 'Sleep no more!' to all the house:'Glamis hath murder'd sleep, and therefore CawdorShall sleep no more; Macbeth shall sleep no more.'8. “It’s a shame…” We now know the dramatic irony of this statement. What would have happened to Elie had be gone along with his mother, as most boys would have done at the time?9. Elie’s revolt toward God is a magnificent change of character for him. Why is saying the Kaddish for oneself ironic? (25)10. Which literary term applies to the phrases that begin with, “Never shall I forget…”11. Elie has time to think while at the barbers. What is his main concern?12. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the situational irony (26)13. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of comic relief on page 27.14. “…the child that I was, had been consumed…” Interpret this passage. (This means that…)15. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of figurative language (28) .16. The student of the Talmud improvises a prayer for mud instead of weeping over the Destruction of the Temple. What does this reveal about the protagonist? (28)17. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the figurative language regarding the SS officer on page 29.18. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the irony on page 29.19. What does the rhetorical question, “What had happened to me?” reveal about Elie’s conflict?20. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of irony on page 30.21. Make a chronological list of the young Pole’s instructions to his new prisoners (31).22. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the Jews’ optimism and continued denial. (31)23. Why do they not speak of “those who had disappeared”?24. What is Wiesel’s new name at Auschwitz?25. Why is Stein irritated that the Wiesels do not recognize him? Why do they not recognize him?26. Read the following passage taken from Act 1, scene 1 from Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet and locate a quotation on page 32 that parallels it.I have lost myself; I am not here;This is not Romeo, he's some other where.27. How long has Stein been at Auschwitz? How long has it been since Elie has heard from his cousin Reizel? 28. Locate, cite and explain an example of hope for tomorrow on page 33.29. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the paradox on page 34.30. Locate, cite and explain the effectiveness of the shift in tone and mood at the end of the chapter.
Mrs. Murphy’s study guide questionsChapter 4Description of the German officer (note the simile)Elie’s prized possessionJuliek…he’ll be important later (chapter 6)Elie’s trip to the dentistThe outcome of the dentistThe girl in the warehouse….how does he meet her later in life?Franek – how he punishes ElieIdek – 25 strokes of the whip“like an abandoned ship” (notice the simile)The hangings and no tearsChapter 5Note Elie’s change (since chapter 1)Notice how long some of the prisoners had been at the campDr. MengeleElie’s gift from his fatherElie’s miracle!Who do they forget to say the Kaddish (funeral prayer) for? What does this say?Elie’s foot – ouch! The rumor about the Red Army (that’s Russia…during WWII, Russia was fighting w/ the US against the Nazis)The tragic irony….what happened to those who stayed behind in the hospital?Noctice what Elie uses for a shoe (not fun when it’s below freezing and thd ground is full of snow and ice!)Notice the short ending of the chapter – the effect?Chapter 6Reference to the prisonersWhat are the “explosions in the night”What keeps Elie going?Why was it not good to sleep? “Then he smiled. I shall always remember that smile…” (the love of a parent)Rabbi Eliahou – who is his son?Does Elie still believe in God? (proof)Juliek & his violin (remember him from chapter 4?)Last 2 paragraphs – the analogy of animalsChapter 7The scene over the bread crumbs – Elie’s flashback (what does this say about society?)-The death of the father and son over a bread crumb“I was fifteen years old.” - why this short, simple sentence.How many started on the train to Buchenwald; how many arrived?Chapter 8Note the role reversal between Elie and his father.Dystentery - A painful disease of the intestines characterized by inflammation and diarrhea. Dysentery may be caused by bacteria or viruses, or may occur as the result of infestation by an amoeba.Note: Dysentery can be transmitted by contact with water or food that has been contaminated by human waste. Public health and sanitation procedures in developed countries, however, have largely eliminated this means of transmission.His father’s last words…. “I did not weep…I had no more tears” Read the last 3 sentences of chapter 8 – do you see the irony and the tragedy?Chapter 9Life after his father died – his only will in lifeApril 5, 1945 –April 10, 1945 –First acts of freedom ?Read the last sentences of the memoir….he was your age!
Night By Elie Wiesel (Notes) Night is the account of a young man (Elie) who must bear responsibility for his aged father and whose loss of a beloved parent wracks his spirit with terror, despair and regret. One of the most gripping autobiographical ordeals in literature, it carries the reader into the hell of Nazi perversity to the death camps intended to rid the German Reich of its Jews. Over eleven months—from deportation on May 16, 1944, to liberation in April 1945—Elie moves from Hungary to Kaschau, Czechoslovakia and the reception center at Birkenau, Poland. Marched east to Buna, the electrical works at Auschwitz, Poland, he witnesses the worsening of his chances of survival as the hated “Butcher of Auschwitz,” Dr. Josef Mengele, steps up the extermination of the unfit.TimelineSept. 30, 1928—Elie Wiesel is born in Sighet, Romania, which later becomes part of Hungary. March, 1933—Adolf Hitler is elected Chancellor of Germany; Heinrich Himmler opens Dachau, a death camp, near Munich, Germany. July, 1937—Buchenwald concentration camp opens. April, 1940—Germany captures Norway and Denmark. A concentration camp opens in Auschwitz, Poland. September, 1941—At Auschwitz, Germans begin using poison gas. March, 1943—Himmler initiates the use of crematoria in Auschwitz. May, 1944—The Wiesels arrive at a concentration camp in Birkenau, Poland. Summer, 1944—Elie and his father are sent to Auschwitz. January, 1945—Elie and his father are taken to Buchenwald, Germany. January 18, 1945—Russian forces liberate Auschwitz April, 1945—American troops free inmates at Dachau and Buchenwald camps. 1947—Elie enters the Sorbonne to study philosophy. 1955—Elie is encouraged to write about his incarceration in a death camp. 1956—Elie enters the U.S. 1960—Elie publishes the English version of Night. 1986—Elie receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
Definitions Torah—The primary source in the Jewish religion is the Hebrew Bible, consisting of 24 books divided up into 3 sections. The Torah includes the first five books of the Bible. Talmud—Next in importance to the Hebrew Bible is the Babylonian Talmud, a collections of teachings of early rabbis from the 5th and 6th centuries. Cabbala—a collection of traditional lore that probes the mysteries of the universe. Covers such subjects as angels, death, numerology, and human reasoning. Rosh Hashanah—Marks the new year of the Jewish calendar. It is both a joyous and a solemn holiday. Jews around the world do not work or attend school on this day. Yom Kippur—This is the holiest day of the Jewish calendar. This is considered to be the day in which every individual is judged by God, and thus is a solemn day marked by prayer and repentance. No Jew attends work or school on this day. Passover—And 8-day festival commemorating the freeing of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage. A ritual feast on the first 2 nights of this holiday, called a Seder, includes the recounting of the Passover story. Ritual foods are eaten during these eight days which are not eaten at other times of the years. Observant Jews do not work or go to school on the first 2 days and the last 2 days of this holiday.Diaspora—Countries outside of Israel inhabited by Jews. Assimilation—To accept the culture of another group while giving up one’s own. Ghetto—A section of a city in which Jews were required to live surrounded by walls. Genocide—Coined after WWII as a direct result of how some nationalities and ethnic groups, particularly the Jews, were mistreated during the war. Its intention is the total annihilation of a race or ethnic group. Holocaust—refers to the destruction of 6 million Jews (and 6 million non-Jews) during 1933-1945. Its Greek root means “burnt whole.” Aryan Race—The pure Germanic race, used by the Nazis to suggest a superior, non-Jewish Caucasian typified by height, blonde hair, blue eyes. Third Reich—The Third Republic of Germany which began with Hitler’s rule in 1933 and ended with his defeat in 1945. SS— “Schutz-Staffel”—established in 1929 as Hitler’s black-shirted bodyguards. They became the elite guards of the Nazis trained in brutality and put in charge of the concentration camps. Gestapo—the secret police organized in 1933 to uncover and undermine political opposition The Final Solution—the plan devised in 1941 to speed up the system of killing the Jews and “undesirables.” This final method used an efficient system of gas chambers and crematories to kills the Jews. Selection—A term used when the SS forced prisoners to line up for inspection and decided which prisoners would live and which would be killed.
People Elie Weisel—the narrator and author of the novel, Night. Chlomo Wiesel—Elie’s father. They manage to stay together during they deportment. Idek—a crazy Kapo who beats Elie. The worst of Elie’s mistreatment comes after he laughs at Idek lying with a young Polish girls. For this, Elie is given 25 lashes and faints. Rabbi Eliahous—this rabbis’ son deserts him in order to survive. Disturbed by the son’s selfishness, Eli prays that he will never grow so callous toward his own father. Heinrich Himmler—Hitler’s second in command and the head of the S.S. He established Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, near Munich, Germany. Adolf Hitler—Dictator of Germany; a demagogue and tyrant who obtains power by appealing to the emotions and prejudices of the masses. Dr. Mengele—the “Angel of Death”; a doctor who performed brutal, unnecessary experiments and operations upon prisoners.
Places Sighet, Hungary—Elie’s home town Kaschau, Czechoslovakia—The first concentration camp that Elie and his father arrive at after their deportation from Sighet. It is here that they see their wife, mother, sisters and daughters for the last time. Auschwitz, Poland—home of a concentration camp opened in April, 1940. Birkenau, Poland—The Wiesels arrive in this concentration camp in May of 1944. Buchenwald, Germany—home of a concentration opened in July, 1937. Elie and his father are taken here in Jan., 1945